For a long time it has been about the notion of inanimate artifacts coming to existence as human creatures. The ancient Greeks had theories about machines, and automatons were built by Chinese and Egyptian engineers. 


Computer in 1949


Firstly, machines had to improve radically. A crucial requirement for intelligence was absent before 1949 computers: they did not store instructions, only implement them. In other terms, machines may be asked what to do but were unable to recall what they were doing. Third, it was incredibly costly to do programming. The expense of leasing a machine went up to US $200,000 a month in the early 1950s. In such uncharted seas, only elite colleges and major development firms may continue to dilly dally. To persuade funding sources that artificial intelligence was worth pursuing, a proof of concept as well as endorsements by high profile individuals is needed.


The proof of concept was implemented five years later by Allen Newell, Cliff Shaw, and Herbert Simon, the Reasoning Theorist. The Logic Theorist was a system developed to imitate a human's problem-solving ability and was sponsored by the Research and Development Corporation (RAND). This is believed by others to be the first artificial intelligence system and was proposed by John McCarthy and Marvin Minsky in 1956 at the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence (DSR PEI).McCarthy, anticipating a tremendous joint endeavor in this landmark meeting, put together leading academics from different fields for an open ended debate on artificial intelligence, the word he invented at the very case. Sadly, the conference fell short of McCarthy 's expectations; people came and went as they wished, and traditional procedures for the area struggled to be decided to. Notwithstanding this, everybody agreed wholeheartedly with the belief that AI was feasible. The importance of this case can not be questioned, because it has catalyzed AI work over the next twenty years.


Future of AI


What's in mind for the future then? AI language seems like next big thing in the near future. It's literally really under way. I can't recall the last time I contacted a corporation and spoke directly to a human being. Only I am being labeled robots these days! We could picture engaging in a complex dialogue with an expert program, or watching a discussion being converted in real time into two separate languages. We should also hope (and this is conservative) to see driverless vehicles on the road over the next twenty years. In the long run, the target is general intelligence, which is a system which in all tasks exceeds human cognitive ability.It is along the lines of the autonomous computer that we are used to seeing in films. For me, this will be done over the next 50 years sounds inconceivable. And if there is potential, the ethical issues will act as a formidable obstacle toward culmination. When the time comes (maybe perhaps better before the time comes), we'll need to have a serious debate regarding computer policy and ethics (ironically all essentially human subjects), but for now, we'll encourage AI to progress gradually and run amok in the community.